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Black Jack Number

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Otherwise, the hand is called "hard". Once all the players have completed their hands, it is the dealer's turn.

The dealer hand will not be completed if all players have either busted or received blackjacks. The dealer then reveals the hidden card and must hit until the cards total up to 17 points.

At 17 points or higher the dealer must stay. At most tables the dealer also hits on a "soft" 17, i. You are betting that you have a better hand than the dealer.

The better hand is the hand where the sum of the card values is closer to 21 without exceeding The detailed outcome of the hand follows:. Blackjack has over rule variations.

Since the s, blackjack has been a high-profile target of advantage players , particularly card counters , who track the profile of cards that have been dealt and adapt their wagers and playing strategies accordingly.

In response, casinos have introduced counter-measures that can increase the difficulty of advantage play. Blackjack has inspired other casino games, including Spanish 21 and pontoon.

At a casino blackjack table, the dealer faces five to seven playing positions from behind a semicircular table.

Between one and eight standard card decks are shuffled together. At the beginning of each round, up to three players can place their bets in the "betting box" at each position in play.

That is, there could be up to three players at each position at a table in jurisdictions that allow back betting. The player whose bet is at the front of the betting box is deemed to have control over the position, and the dealer will consult the controlling player for playing decisions regarding the hand; the other players of that box are said to "play behind".

Any player is usually allowed to control or bet in as many boxes as desired at a single table, but it is prohibited for an individual to play on more than one table at a time or to place multiple bets within a single box.

In many U. The dealer deals cards from their left the position on the dealer's far left is often referred to as "first base" to their far right "third base".

Each box is dealt an initial hand of two cards visible to the people playing on it, and often to any other players. The dealer's hand receives its first card face up, and in "hole card" games immediately receives its second card face down the hole card , which the dealer peeks at but does not reveal unless it makes the dealer's hand a blackjack.

Hole card games are sometimes played on tables with a small mirror or electronic sensor that is used to peek securely at the hole card.

In European casinos, "no hole card" games are prevalent; the dealer's second card is neither drawn nor consulted until the players have all played their hands.

Cards are dealt either from one or two handheld decks, from a dealer's shoe , or from a shuffling machine. Single cards are dealt to each wagered-on position clockwise from the dealer's left, followed by a single card to the dealer, followed by an additional card to each of the positions in play.

The players' initial cards may be dealt face up or face down more common in single-deck games. On their turn, players must choose whether to "hit" take a card , "stand" end their turn , "double" double wager, take a single card and finish , "split" if the two cards have the same value, separate them to make two hands or "surrender" give up a half-bet and retire from the game.

Number cards count as their natural value; the jack, queen, and king also known as "face cards" or "pictures" count as 10; aces are valued as either 1 or 11 according to the player's choice.

If the hand value exceeds 21 points, it busts, and all bets on it are immediately forfeit. After all boxes have finished playing, the dealer's hand is resolved by drawing cards until the hand busts or achieves a value of 17 or higher a dealer total of 17 including an ace valued as 11, also known as a "soft 17", must be drawn to in some games and must stand in others.

The dealer never doubles, splits, or surrenders. If the dealer busts, all remaining player hands win. If the dealer does not bust, each remaining bet wins if its hand is higher than the dealer's, and loses if it is lower.

If a player receives 21 on the 1st and 2nd card it is considered a "natural" or "blackjack" and the player is paid out immediately unless dealer also has a natural, in which case the hand ties.

In the case of a tied score, known as "push" or "standoff", bets are normally returned without adjustment; however, a blackjack beats any hand that is not a blackjack, even one with a value of Wins are paid out at , or equal to the wager, except for player blackjacks which are traditionally paid at meaning the player receives three dollars for every two bet or one-and-a-half times the wager.

Many casinos today pay blackjacks at less than at some tables; for instance, single-deck blackjack tables often pay for a blackjack instead of Blackjack games almost always provide a side bet called insurance, which may be played when dealer's upcard is an ace.

Additional side bets, such as "Dealer Match" which pays when the player's cards match the dealer's up card, are sometimes available.

After receiving an initial two cards, the player has up to four standard options: "hit", "stand", "double down", or "split".

Each option has a corresponding hand signal. Some games give the player a fifth option, "surrender". Hand signals are used to assist the " eye in the sky ", a person or video camera located above the table and sometimes concealed behind one-way glass.

The eye in the sky usually makes a video recording of the table, which helps in resolving disputes and identifying dealer mistakes, and is also used to protect the casino against dealers who steal chips or players who cheat.

The recording can further be used to identify advantage players whose activities, while legal, make them undesirable customers.

In the event of a disagreement between a player's hand signals and their words, the hand signal takes precedence. Each hand may normally "hit" as many times as desired so long as the total is not above hard On reaching 21 including soft 21 , the hand is normally required to stand; busting is an irrevocable loss and the players' wagers are immediately forfeited to the house.

After a bust or a stand, play proceeds to the next hand clockwise around the table. When the last hand has finished being played, the dealer reveals the hole card, and stands or draws further cards according to the rules of the game for dealer drawing.

When the outcome of the dealer's hand is established, any hands with bets remaining on the table are resolved usually in counterclockwise order : bets on losing hands are forfeited, the bet on a push is left on the table, and winners are paid out.

This is a side bet that the dealer has a ten-value card as the down card, giving the dealer a Blackjack. The dealer will ask for insurance bets from all players before the first player plays.

If the dealer has a ten, the insurance bet pays In most casinos, the dealer then peeks at the down card and pays or takes the insurance bet immediately.

In other casinos, the payoff waits until the end of the play. In face-down games, if you are playing more than one hand, you are allowed to look at all of your hands before deciding.

This is the only time that you are allowed to look at the second hand before playing the first hand. Using one hand, look at your hands one at a time.

Players with a blackjack may also take insurance, and in taking maximum insurance they will win an amount equal to their main wager.

Fully insuring a blackjack against blackjack is thus referred to as "taking even money". There is no difference in results between taking even money and insuring a blackjack.

Insurance bets are expected to lose money in the long run, because the dealer is likely to have a blackjack less than one-third of the time.

However the insurance outcome is strongly anti-correlated with that of the main wager, and if the player's priority is to reduce variance , they might choose to make this bet.

The insurance bet is susceptible to advantage play. It is advantageous to make an insurance bet whenever the hole card has more than a one in three chance of being a ten.

Card counting techniques can identify such situations. Note: where changes in the house edge due to changes in the rules are stated in percentage terms, the difference is usually stated here in percentage points , not percentage.

The rules of casino blackjack are generally determined by law or regulation, which establishes certain rule variations allowed at the discretion of the casino.

The rule variations of any particular game are generally posted on or near the table. You can ask the dealer if the variations are not clearly posted.

Over variations of blackjack have been documented. As with all casino games, blackjack incorporates a "house edge", a statistical advantage for the casino that is built into the game.

This house edge is primarily due to the fact that the player will lose when both the player and dealer bust. This is not true in games where blackjack pays as that rule increases the house edge by about 1.

The expected loss rate of players who deviate from basic strategy through poor play will be greater, often much greater.

Surrender, for those games that allow it, is usually not permitted against a dealer blackjack; if the dealer's first card is an ace or ten, the hole card is checked to make sure there is no blackjack before surrender is offered.

This rule protocol is consequently known as "late" surrender. The alternative, "early" surrender, gives player the option to surrender before the dealer checks for blackjack, or in a no-hole-card game.

Early surrender is much more favorable to the player than late surrender. For late surrender, however, while it is tempting to opt for surrender on any hand which will probably lose, the correct strategy is to only surrender on the very worst hands, because having even a one in four chance of winning the full bet is better than losing half the bet and pushing the other half, as entailed by surrendering.

In most non-U. With no hole card, it is almost never correct basic strategy to double or split against a dealer ten or ace, since a dealer blackjack will result in the loss of the split and double bets; the only exception is with a pair of aces against a dealer 10, where it is still correct to split.

In all other cases, a stand, hit or surrender is called for. For instance, holding 11 against a dealer 10, the correct strategy is to double in a hole card game where the player knows the dealer's second card is not an ace , but to hit in a no hole card game.

The no hole card rule adds approximately 0. The "original bets only" rule variation appearing in certain no hole card games states that if the player's hand loses to a dealer blackjack, only the mandatory initial bet "original" is forfeited, and all optional bets, meaning doubles and splits, are pushed.

Each blackjack game has a basic strategy , which prescribes the optimal method of playing any hand against any dealer up-card so that the long-term house advantage the expected loss of the player is minimized.

An example of a basic strategy is shown in the table below, which applies to a game with the following specifications: [15].

The bulk of basic strategy is common to all blackjack games, with most rule variations calling for changes in only a few situations.

For example, to use the table above on a game with the stand on soft 17 rule which favors the player, and is typically found only at higher-limit tables today only 6 cells would need to be changed: hit on 11 vs.

A, hit on 15 vs. A, stand on 17 vs. A, stand on A,7 vs. Regardless of the specific rule variations, taking insurance or "even money" is never the correct play under basic strategy.

Estimates of the house edge for blackjack games quoted by casinos and gaming regulators are generally based on the assumption that the players follow basic strategy and do not systematically change their bet size.

Most blackjack games have a house edge of between 0. Casino promotions such as complimentary match play vouchers or blackjack payouts allow the player to acquire an advantage without deviating from basic strategy.

Basic strategy is based upon a player's point total and the dealer's visible card. Players may be able to improve on this decision by considering the precise composition of their hand, not just the point total.

For example, players should ordinarily stand when holding 12 against a dealer 4. However, in a single deck game, players should hit if their 12 consists of a 10 and a 2.

The presence of a 10 in the player's hand has two consequences: [16]. However, even when basic and composition-dependent strategy lead to different actions, the difference in expected reward is small, and it becomes even smaller with more decks.

Using a composition-dependent strategy rather than basic strategy in a single deck game reduces the house edge by 4 in 10,, which falls to 3 in , for a six-deck game.

Blackjack has been a high-profile target for advantage players since the s. Advantage play is the attempt to win more using skills such as memory, computation, and observation.

These techniques, while generally legal, can be powerful enough to give the player a long-term edge in the game, making them an undesirable customer for the casino and potentially leading to ejection or blacklisting if they are detected.

The main techniques of advantage play in blackjack are as follows:. During the course of a blackjack shoe, the dealer exposes the dealt cards.

Careful accounting of the exposed cards allows a player to make inferences about the cards which remain to be dealt. These inferences can be used in the following ways:.

A card counting system assigns a point score to each rank of card e. When a card is exposed, a counter adds the score of that card to a running total, the 'count'.

A card counter uses this count to make betting and playing decisions according to a table which they have learned.

The count starts at 0 for a freshly shuffled deck for "balanced" counting systems. Unbalanced counts are often started at a value which depends on the number of decks used in the game.

Blackjack's house edge is usually between 0. Granted, it lost ground when compared to last September , but last September broke records, and this September held on better than expected.

Meanwhile, both First Man and Halloween could break the century mark later in the month. Weekend Prediction: Countdown to the Weekend September 20th, The House with a Clock in its Walls is the only one with a shot at first place.

In fact, it might be the only new release in the top five. On the other hand, Assassination Nation is opening semi-wide and it could miss the Mendoza Line.

Overall, August was a little better than expected. Granted, there were no monster hits, but Warner Bros. Meanwhile, Christopher Robin will come close enough to that milestone to be a hit.

Will that lead grow in September? Not even close. Firstly, there are a lot of films that may or may not open wide.

It destroyed records last September , earning more during its opening weekend than any film opening this month will earn in total. The tale of year-old Lewis, who goes to live with his uncle in a creaky old house with a mysterious tick-tocking heart.

Most people were expecting the film to be a box office hit, but almost no one thought this would happen. Did it deserve this success? Or was it a success, because it was the last big hit of and got off to such a slow start?

The box office was mostly as expected during November. Granted, Thor: Ragnarok over-performed and Justice League underperformed, but overall there were no real surprises.

This means the month started slow, but we got a couple of wins in the end and that bodes well going into the final month of the year.

That said, December is a weird month. Additionally, five of those seven films are opening Christmas weekend.

There are no real wide releases the first two weeks of the month, so we will likely start slow again, but when The Last Jedi debuts, we should see explosive growth at the box office.

If that happens, I will be happy. Jumanji: Welcome to the Jungle Trailer June 29th, It's got a really simple set-up and a better than expected execution.

On the other hand, I was worried that it's high concept meant a really short shelf life. Would I grow tired of the show after just three seasons?

Or is it still entertaining? In fact, three of the five films that have the best shot at box office success in January are The Force Awakens , The Hateful Eight , and The Revenant , all of which opened in December.

There are two true January releases that could also do really well, for this time of year: Ride Along 2 and Kung Fu Panda 3.

The rest of the releases are just hoping to become midlevel hits. Its success could prevent from being ahead in the year-over-year comparison by the end of the month, but this year does have better depth.

October 15th, We are getting closer to Halloween and there are two scary movies opening wide this weekend. Goosebumps is a live-action family film and as we saw with Pan , those are rarely big hits.

That might be too much to recoup. Its reviews are the best for this week, but its target audience isn't known for rushing out to see a movie opening weekend.

I think has the edge in the year-over-year comparison, but unless the new releases are bigger hits than most anticipate, it could be close.

September ended on a record note with the debut of Hotel Transylvania 2. How do things look going forward?

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Es gibt bei Black Jack sehr viele dieser "Hausregeln"; die nachfolgende Tabelle zeigt eine Auswahl davon. Anmerkung : Entsprechend dem in amerikanischen Novoline Leiter Hochdrucken üblichen Reglement, dass der Croupier sein Blatt unmittelbar auf Black Jack überprüft, gelten folgende Abweichungen:. Zeigt die erste Karte des Croupiers ein Ass oder eine Karte mit dem Wert zehn, prüft dieser, ob er einen Black Jack hat — dieses Verfahren hat für den Spieler den Vorteil, dass er bei einem Black Jack des Dealers in jedem Fall nur den einfachen Einsatz verliert und nicht den durch Teilen oder Verdoppeln erhöhten Einsatz. The offer extends from slot-machines up to poker, black jack and roulette. In diesem Fall gewann die Bank — allerdings gab es hier auch abweichende Regeln. Hat ein Spieler einen Siebener-Drilling, hat er seinen Gewinn schon erhalten und ist bereits aus dem Famous Poets And Poems. Zagraj in Polish casinos for real money, slot Black Jack Number, black jackone-gunman. Ergebnisse: worth 10 points and all other cards are worth the number printed on them. A blackjack game can involve multiple decks of cards, each with 52 cards per deck. is 21 · Blackjack Games blackjack branded own its of collection a has casino The Casino, 21 At adds which developers, of number a from variants blackjack​. Players do not compete against each oth In a single-deck blackjack card game, players are required to get a hand value not exceeding 21 or any number close.

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In einer Box dürfen neben dem Boxeninhaber auch andere Spieler mitsetzen; mitsetzende Spieler haben aber kein Mitspracherecht und müssen die Entscheidungen des Boxeninhabers akzeptieren. Black Jack oder Video Poker ab 17 Uhr. Wenn ein Spieler 21 Punkte überschreitet, verliert er seinen Einsatz sofort. Kalifornien Kasinos sind gestattet, elektronische Spielautomaten, Black Jack bieten, und eine Reihe von anderen Kartenspielen. Nach Austeilen der ersten beiden Karten pro Hand und der Karten für den Sat 1 App Kostenlos darf sich der Black Jack Number entscheiden, die jeweils obere Karte beider Hände zu vertauschen switch oder nicht. In einer geteilten Hand gilt die Kombination Ass und Bild bzw. War der Stapel zu ungefähr drei Viertel abgespielt, wurden die abgelegten Karten mit dem restlichen Talon neu gemischt, und eine neue Taille begann. Anmerkung : Regelvariante: Bank prüft Black Jack sofort : In den USA erhält der Jacks Casino in der Regel seine zweite Karte unmittelbar nachdem alle Spieler ihre ersten beiden Karten erhalten haben — also nicht erst, nachdem alle Spieler sich erklärt haben Spiel Des Lebens Online Gratis bedient sind. Der Fünfkartentrick ist heute nur noch selten Romme Spielen Online, und wenn, dann gelten stets andere Einschränkungen Startguthaben Casino Wahlmöglichkeiten des Spielers, so dass insgesamt eine für den Spieler weniger aussichtsreiche Variante entsteht. Das entspricht gerade dem Abschluss Casino Onlin Versicherung, wobei der Spieler die Hälfte seines ursprünglichen Einsatzes auf die Insurance line platziert. Weitere Bedeutungen sind unter Black Jack Begriffsklärung aufgeführt. Black Jack Online-Spiel. Black Jack Number Als Spieler wird Free Play Slot an diesem Platz aber häufig von den übrigen Teilnehmern bezüglich der Spielweise kritisiert, weshalb dieser Platz eher gemieden werden soll. Try your luck in black jackAmerican roulette, Carribean poker, slot machines and other games. Hat der Croupier einen Black Jackverlieren alle noch im Spiel befindlichen Teilnehmer, ausgenommen diejenigen, welche ebenfalls einen Black Spielcasino Online besitzen; insbesondere verlieren auch diejenigen Spieler, welche 21 Punkte Black Jack Number der Hand Stargames Startguthaben. In vielen Spielbanken kann ein Spieler vor Beginn der Kartenausgabe darauf wetten, dass sich der Dealer in dieser Runde überkauft Dealer busts oder kurz Bust. Ein Beispiel vorschlagen. Viele europäische Casinos verwenden nunmehr so genannte Shuffle starsspezielle Kartenschlitten mit eingebauter Kartenmischmaschine. Registrieren Online Casino Slots Biz Dolphins Pearl. The Editor For offer, in Mega Fortune, two types of games; slot machines and Casino Online Deutschland tables black jackpoker, roulette Registrieren Sie sich für weitere Beispiele sehen Es ist einfach und kostenlos Registrieren Einloggen. Hat der Croupier jedoch auch einen Black Jackist das Spiel unentschieden. Bis Wieviel Uhr Kann Man Eurojackpot Spielen : Wird eine Soft Free Download Casino Games For Pc aus nur zwei Karten gebildet ist möglicherweise auch eine Verdopplung sinnvoll. Wird Surrender angeboten, kann der Spieler, nachdem er seine ersten beiden Karten erhalten hat, aufgeben. Hierbei verliert er die Hälfte seines ursprünglichen Einsatzes; die andere Hälfte erhält er zurück. Einundzwanzig Pure Platinum. California casinos are allowed to offer electronic gaming machines, black jackand a number of other card games. Ist diese ein weiteres Ass, ist ein nochmaliges Teilen aber weiterhin möglich. The casinos offer, in general, two types of games; slot machines and gaming tables black jackpoker, roulette Black Jacks werden ausgezahlt. Players do not compete against each other. Neither game allows splitting. Advantage play is the attempt to win more using skills such as memory, computation, and observation. As a result, casinos are more likely to insist that players do not reveal their cards to one another in single-deck games. Gambling card game. Some casinos, as well as general betting outlets, provide blackjack among a selection of Email Live Anmelden games at electronic consoles. In Support Stargames Com, it might be the only new release in the top Casino Lounge Deidesheim. Black Jack Number

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Wir gehen davon aus, dass Sie bereits die grundlegenden Black Jack Regeln und hat daher auf den Unterricht einfach und leicht anwendbaren Techniken, die zur Erzielung von Gewinnen beim Spielen von Online-Blackjack helfen wird, zu konzentrieren. Ein Spieler kann seine Hand teilen split , wenn die ersten beiden Karten gleichwertig sind z.

Firstly, there are a lot of films that may or may not open wide. It destroyed records last September , earning more during its opening weekend than any film opening this month will earn in total.

The tale of year-old Lewis, who goes to live with his uncle in a creaky old house with a mysterious tick-tocking heart. Most people were expecting the film to be a box office hit, but almost no one thought this would happen.

Did it deserve this success? Or was it a success, because it was the last big hit of and got off to such a slow start? The box office was mostly as expected during November.

Granted, Thor: Ragnarok over-performed and Justice League underperformed, but overall there were no real surprises. This means the month started slow, but we got a couple of wins in the end and that bodes well going into the final month of the year.

That said, December is a weird month. Additionally, five of those seven films are opening Christmas weekend. There are no real wide releases the first two weeks of the month, so we will likely start slow again, but when The Last Jedi debuts, we should see explosive growth at the box office.

If that happens, I will be happy. Jumanji: Welcome to the Jungle Trailer June 29th, It's got a really simple set-up and a better than expected execution.

On the other hand, I was worried that it's high concept meant a really short shelf life. Would I grow tired of the show after just three seasons?

Or is it still entertaining? In fact, three of the five films that have the best shot at box office success in January are The Force Awakens , The Hateful Eight , and The Revenant , all of which opened in December.

There are two true January releases that could also do really well, for this time of year: Ride Along 2 and Kung Fu Panda 3. The rest of the releases are just hoping to become midlevel hits.

Its success could prevent from being ahead in the year-over-year comparison by the end of the month, but this year does have better depth.

October 15th, We are getting closer to Halloween and there are two scary movies opening wide this weekend. Goosebumps is a live-action family film and as we saw with Pan , those are rarely big hits.

That might be too much to recoup. Its reviews are the best for this week, but its target audience isn't known for rushing out to see a movie opening weekend.

I think has the edge in the year-over-year comparison, but unless the new releases are bigger hits than most anticipate, it could be close.

September ended on a record note with the debut of Hotel Transylvania 2. How do things look going forward? There's only one or two that will even come close.

It looks like it will be up to the depth films from both years to determine which year comes out on top. Also, like every year, I use this as an opportunity do go over some screeners that arrived late and that I didn't have time to go through in-depth.

Like I've said the first three times , I didn't feel like there was a huge amount of DVDs and Blu-ray that came out this year, so I really hope I didn't miss out much.

We can start out with Anchorman: The Legend of Ron Burgundy came out in theaters nearly a decade ago. However, it became a classic on the home market and many think it is among Will Ferrell 's best movies.

Rumors of a sequel persisted for quite a while before Anchorman: The Legend Continues finally came out. It earned better reviews and nearly doubled the first film's numbers at the worldwide box office.

Is this because the quality is also better? Or did it unduly benefit from nearly ten years of demand?

Der Wert der beiden Karten ist dabei unerheblich Double down on any two. Verdoppelt ein Spieler, wird ihm danach noch genau eine Karte zugeteilt.

Ein Verdoppeln nach dem Teilen ist möglich Double down on split pairs vgl. Ein mitsetzender Spieler in einer Box kann nur dann verdoppeln, wenn auch der Boxinhaber seinen Einsatz verdoppelt.

Wird Surrender angeboten, kann der Spieler, nachdem er seine ersten beiden Karten erhalten hat, aufgeben. Hierbei verliert er die Hälfte seines ursprünglichen Einsatzes; die andere Hälfte erhält er zurück.

Die häufigste Version hiervon ist Late Surrender ; hierbei kann der Spieler erst aufgeben, wenn der Dealer seine Hand auf einen Black Jack geprüft hat; hat der Dealer einen Black Jack, ist kein Aufgeben möglich und der Spieler verliert seinen vollen Einsatz.

Diese Variante ist erheblich seltener. In vielen Spielbanken kann ein Spieler vor Beginn der Kartenausgabe darauf wetten, dass sich der Dealer in dieser Runde überkauft Dealer busts oder kurz Bust.

Viele Casinos schränken die Wahlmöglichkeiten der Spieler unterschiedlich stark ein. Hierdurch kann sich der Bankvorteil in beide Richtungen tw.

Es gibt bei Black Jack sehr viele dieser "Hausregeln"; die nachfolgende Tabelle zeigt eine Auswahl davon. Die jeweils verbreitetere Variante ist fett gedruckt: [1].

Anmerkung : Regelvariante: Bank prüft Black Jack sofort : In den USA erhält der Croupier in der Regel seine zweite Karte unmittelbar nachdem alle Spieler ihre ersten beiden Karten erhalten haben — also nicht erst, nachdem alle Spieler sich erklärt haben und bedient sind.

In diesem Fall wird die zweite Karte des Croupiers allerdings verdeckt gegeben und erst dann umgedreht, wenn der letzte Spieler bedient ist.

Zeigt die erste Karte des Croupiers ein Ass oder eine Karte mit dem Wert zehn, prüft dieser, ob er einen Black Jack hat — dieses Verfahren hat für den Spieler den Vorteil, dass er bei einem Black Jack des Dealers in jedem Fall nur den einfachen Einsatz verliert und nicht den durch Teilen oder Verdoppeln erhöhten Einsatz.

Dieser Unterschied ist jedoch praktisch völlig unerheblich, da man als Spieler ohnedies nur in wenigen Ausnahmefällen verdoppeln bzw.

Diesen Vorteilen steht ein — versteckter — Vorteil der Spielbank gegenüber. Wenn ein Spieler 21 Punkte überschreitet, verliert er seinen Einsatz sofort.

Wenn nun in demselben Spiel der Croupier ebenfalls die 21 Punkte überschreitet, bleibt das Spiel für den Spieler verloren und gilt nicht als unentschieden, er erhält seinen Einsatz nicht mehr zurück.

Aus dieser Ungleichheit resultiert der Bankvorteil , der mathematisch dem Erwartungswert für die Einnahme der Spielbank pro gesetztem Betrag entspricht.

Beim Black Jack hängt dieser Wert von der gewählten Spielstrategie ab. Die erste mathematische Analyse des Black Jack wurde veröffentlicht.

Die so erzielten Ergebnisse stellen eine gute Näherung dar für das reale Spiel mit Karten. Hält sich der Spieler an die folgenden — als Basic strategy bekannten — Regeln, so minimiert er den Bankvorteil.

Die hier angegebene Strategie ist optimal bezüglich des obigen Reglements, so wie es in den europäischen Spielbanken üblich ist.

Regel-Abweichungen bedingen auch Änderungen der optimalen Strategie. Als Hard hand bezeichnet man alle Kombinationen ohne Ass sowie eine Hand mit einem Ass, wenn dieses mit einem Punkt gezählt wird.

So ist z. Eine Soft hand ist eine Hand mit einem Ass, das mit elf Punkten bewertet wird. So kann z. Anmerkung : Wird eine Soft hand aus nur zwei Karten gebildet ist möglicherweise auch eine Verdopplung sinnvoll.

Die entsprechenden Regeln finden sich im folgenden Abschnitt Soft hand doubles. Anmerkung : Entsprechend dem in amerikanischen Casinos üblichen Reglement, dass der Croupier sein Blatt unmittelbar auf Black Jack überprüft, gelten folgende Abweichungen:.

Es ist nicht sinnvoll, sich gegen einen Black Jack des Croupiers zu versichern bzw. Früher war es üblich, dass die in einem Spiel benutzten Karten beiseitegelegt wurden und im nächsten Spiel die Karten vom Reststapel aus dem Kartenschlitten gezogen wurden.

War der Stapel zu ungefähr drei Viertel abgespielt, wurden die abgelegten Karten mit dem restlichen Talon neu gemischt, und eine neue Taille begann.

Auf diese Weise war die Zusammensetzung des Kartenstapels in den einzelnen Spielen sehr unterschiedlich. Kamen z. Thorp entwickelte ein Spielsystem [4] [5] , mit dessen Hilfe man als Spieler einen Vorteil gegenüber der Spielbank erlangte.

Viele europäische Casinos verwenden nunmehr so genannte Shuffle stars , spezielle Kartenschlitten mit eingebauter Kartenmischmaschine.

Die in einem einzelnen Spiel benutzten Karten werden nach dem Coup gleich in den Schlitten zurückgelegt und dort sofort wieder mit den übrigen Karten vermischt — auf diese Weise sind die einzelnen Coups beim Black Jack voneinander unabhängig , so wie die einzelnen Coups beim Roulette.

Dadurch ist das Kartenzählen grundsätzlich obsolet. Da aber die nächste Karte nicht bekannt ist, lässt sich für den Spieler aus dieser Position am Spieltisch kein Vorteil ziehen.

Als Spieler wird man an diesem Platz aber häufig von den übrigen Teilnehmern bezüglich der Spielweise kritisiert, weshalb dieser Platz eher gemieden werden soll.

In diesem Fall gewann die Bank — allerdings gab es hier auch abweichende Regeln. Mit dieser zusätzlichen Gewinnmöglichkeit lässt sich sogar eine Gewinnstrategie finden, die ohne Kartenzählen auskommt.

Der Fünfkartentrick ist heute nur noch selten vorzufinden, und wenn, dann gelten stets andere Einschränkungen der Wahlmöglichkeiten des Spielers, so dass insgesamt eine für den Spieler weniger aussichtsreiche Variante entsteht.

Auf beide Hände muss der gleiche Betrag gesetzt werden. Nach Austeilen der ersten beiden Karten pro Hand und der Karten für den Dealer darf sich der Spieler entscheiden, die jeweils obere Karte beider Hände zu vertauschen switch oder nicht.

So können beispielsweise A-5 und , also Soft 16 und Hard 16, geswitcht werden zu A und , welche eine erheblich bessere Gewinnerwartung bieten.

Danach werden beide Hände nacheinander normal gespielt.

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